Our bystander intervention workshops draw from the Duluth model – an ever evolving way of thinking about how communities and people can work together to end violence against women. Figure 1 shows that ‘violence is used to control people’s behaviour.’ Perpetrators operate from a position of socially sanctioned power. Evidence tells us that abuse and violence is entirely preventable when men learn to participate in egalitarian relationships with their female partners. If perpetrators do not have a personal commitment to give up their position of power, they will eventually return to the use of threats or violence to gain control.
The Power and Control Wheel below lists coercive and abusive behaviors ranging from economic abuse to intimidation. Bystander interventions seek to replace the behaviors of power and control with the egalitarian behaviors of the Equality Wheel, which lists relationship ideals such as economic partnership and respect
Figure 1. ‘Power and Control Wheel’ and ‘Equality Wheel’ (Pence & Paymar, 1993).